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Vacuum Truck ServiceIndustrial vacuum truck at work

Contractors that provide a vacuum truck service can mobilize to respond to environmental emergencies, clean out sumps and tanks or transfer materials from vessel to vessel. They can also provide the transportation and disposal of industrial and hazardous waste.

Industrial and commercial cleaning projects often generate liquid, sludge and solid materials that are best removed by a vacuum truck service. They are the workhorses of these industries.


Industrial Vacuum Truck Services

Vacuum trucks are required in industrial, municipal and residential applications. Anything from routine sewage removal and transporting to complex industrial cleanup operations in dangerous and hazardous environments or storm clean up, they’ll get the job done.

The vacuum truck needs to be matched to the type of service being provided:

  • Vacuum capacity - Does it need high vacuum capability?
  • Tank capacity - How much material needs to be transported?
  • Servicing underground parking lots - low profile trucks are required

Vacuum Truck Service Applications

Sewer JettingSewer jetting

Sewer pipe cleaning and storm line maintenance. To prevent clogged sewer lines, sewers need to be regularly maintained to remove sludge and debris buildup. This is especially important in areas with high water tables and frequent heavy rainstorms.

Regular maintenance allows sewer systems to maintain proper hydraulic capacity and to function optimally. Combining high pressure water sewer jetter services and vacuum pump systems, sewage waste is removed efficiently from the system.

Sump pump and basin maintenance

Sump Pump ServiceServicing a sump pump

Sump pumps are used  to remove water collected by a sump basin. Water and debris  accumulates in the catch basin drains, rain, and natural groundwater, especially if the property is below the level of the water table.

Especially important in commercial settings, sump pumps attempt to control the water table related problems in the soil. Without a sump pump, the ground around the property can become unstable as a result of water saturation.

Periodic maintenance using a vacuum truck to remove the debris and clean the sump will extend the life and maintain the efficiency of the pump.

Oilfield land spreading

Oilfield Land SpreadingOilfield land spreading

Mud, cuttings, and uncontaminated spills can be recuperated from oilfield drilling and sprayed back onto the soil surface. This minimizes the environmental impact of the drilling operations by recycling the mud and re-applying it to the surface in a one-time operation.



Vacuum Truck Oilfield ApplicationsTri-axle hydrovac truck

An oil field vacuum truck for the is ideally suited for this operation. Tandem and tri-axle models are generally used for this application outfitted with 3” or larger suction hoses. However, these trucks need to be equipped with a tire pressure control system to minimize the environmental impact on the land where they are spreading the mud.


Vacuum Truck in the OilfieldOil field vacuum truck application


Additional vacuum truck services in the configuration of vacuum excavators,  in oilfields may consist of  drilling surface holes or shallow gas or other operations where non-toxic drilling fluids are used.


Contractors offering a vacuum truck service need to have their equipment meet all regulatory requirements. Trucks need to be inspected and serviced regularly and rigorously to comply with both state and federal DOT regulations.

The vacuum tanks need to be designed and constructed in full compliance with the Department of Transportation Specifications (such as DOT 407/412).


Driver Safety Training

Drivers need to be CDL licensed and HazMat certified if they’re transporting hazardous materials. Hazardous wastes are transported under Itech’s MOE# 6506-6B5KVM


Get OSHA Training OnlineGet training online

Drivers and employees need to be trained to meet OSHA requirements so that they are well versed in safety practices.


Operators may need to be trained in some of the following codes and regulations:

  • Code of Federal Regulations (CFR) Title 49, Hazardous Materials Regulations
    • In Canada, TDG (Transportation of Dangerous Goods)
  • HCS (Hazard Communication Standard)
    • In Canada, WHMIS (Workplace Hazardous Materials Information System)
  • H2S Awareness Training
    • In Canada, H2S Alive
  • OSHA 29 CFR 1910.146, Permit-required confined spaces
    • In Canada, CSE (Confined Space Entry)

Once waste is collected, it needs to be removed and disposed of in a safe and responsible manner, in compliance with all regulations.

Related safety article: OSHA Training Online


Vacuum Truck Services

Liquid waste removal that may include Hydrocarbons, Septic, Sludge, Bunker/Fuel Oil, Oil Pollution, Bilge Water, Jet Fuel, Solvents/Thinners, Interceptor Wastes

Dry waste removal, such as muds, cements, powders, rocks, gravel, grains, sand and grit, slurries etc.

Industrial Cleaning ApplicationIndustrial and hazardous waste removal transportation and disposal


Tank Cleaning OperationTank cleaning
  • Storage Tank Cleaning - Above & Underground
  • Environmental Emergency Cleanup, Spill response
  • Septic Tank Cleaning
  • Catch Basin Cleaning
  • Wash-bay Sumps
  • Acid Sumps
  • Caustic Tanks
  • Railcar Unloading and Transportation
  • Gas Plant Turnarounds
  • Grease Trap Cleaning
  • Line Jetting
  • Mud Sumps
  • Car Wash Bays
  • Industrial Wastewater
  • Oilfield Services
  • Load Transfers
  • Clarifier & Sump Cleaning
  • Sand & Gravel Removal
  • Sludge Removal
  • Drilling Fluid/Mud Removal & Transportation
  • Sewer Pipe Cleaning & Sewer Drain Cleaning
  • Wastewater Treatment Digester Cleaning
  • Oil Water Separators
  • Sewer / water line
  • Water / grease sludge
  • Other non-hazardous wastewaters
  • Pipeline interface recovery
  • Petroleum Tank Transfers
  • General Clean-up projects


Hi-Rail Vactor TruckHi-Rail Vactor Truck

Industries served by vacuum truck services:

Vacuum Truck in the Petroleum IndustryOil & Gas Production
  • Municipalities
  • Industrial Manufacturing
  • Refining, Marketing & Pipelines
  • Power Generation
  • Shipping & Transportation
  • Chemical Manufacturing & Distribution
  • Airports

Ports & Harbors Serviced by Vacuum TrucksPorts & Harbors


Vacuum truck services can be used for:

  • Cleaning above and below ground tanks (AST & UST)
  • Working in tight areas where heavy equipment cannot be used
  • Cleaning sumps and in-ground pits
  • Working in tandem with pressure washers, sewer jetter hose and hydroblasters
  • Removing thick, viscous liquids and sludges
  • Removing solid materials




  • Loading liquids from long distances (as long as 750 feet)
  • Environmental remediation
  • Mining operations
  • Industrial cleanup
  • Dangerous goods emergency response calls
  • Ground disturbance
  • Petroleum industry
  • Chemical industry
  • Interceptor pits
  • Septic tanks

Vacuum truck service contractors or vacuum truck rentals can provide almost any type of semi-solid and solids pick-up or clean out and transfer imaginable. Call your local vacuum truck service provider for further information.


Related article: How And Where To Apply A Vacuum Truck Loader for Maximum Productivity and Profits


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